The idea behind “inclusive classrooms”

In our days the concept of inclusive classroom is getting more and more recognisable and lays in the state educational policies of many EU countries. The mainstream school educators also acknowledge the need to teach in an inclusive classroom.

According to the widely spread definitions the inclusive classroom is a general education classroom in which students with and without disabilities learn together. It is essentially opposite of a special education classroom, where students with disabilities learn only with their disabled peers.

There are a variety of strategies that teachers can use to create a productive and welcomed inclusive classroom.

One of the widely used models is the one of the co-teaching model of education. In this model, there are two teachers working together in a mainstream education classroom, one who is specialised in general education and one who is competent in special education.

Using a co-teaching model is a good way to create an inclusive environment in the mainstream school. Since there are two teachers with different expertise who work in collaboration in order to meet the needs of all students in their class., this allows to the special educator to focus on the individual needs of those students with disabilities, while the mainstream teacher takes care of the overall teaching process by involving all students.

Another key aspect of an inclusive environment is the accessibility with all of its aspects. For example, because students have different learning styles, the mainstream teacher tries to present information in as many different ways as possible. To achieve this, the educator teaches using verbal cues, visual materials, such as videos, photos and pictures, music, games and many others.

Thus, all students will find their own way to process the teaching content and to transfer it into the really acquired knowledge.

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